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Thread: Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminoloy is published

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    Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminoloy is published

    Dear friends,

    It is my great pleasure to announce that my new book Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminolgy has been published and will be available for sale in October. This has been a very long project studying all stages of the Persian language: Avestan, Old Persian, Middle Persian and New Persian searching for arms and armor related terminology in different manuscripts, inscriptions and other avaialable materials. The lexicon has original inscriptions in all stages of the Persian language. The following is taken from the site of my publisher:

    "Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran
    A Study of Symbols and Terminology
    560 pages, 24 x 17 cm
    over 5,700 cross-references,
    over 350 color images
    over 120 black-and-white images;
    Map of Iran, Timetable
    Hardcover
    ISBN: 978-3-932942-31-0

    The Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology is the first lexicon in its field which is specially dedicated to a thorough analysis of arms and armor. The author Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani was awarded the World Prize for the Book of the Year of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the field of Iranian Studies in February 2009.

    Over 5,700 entries, every entry has the original script of each related term
    All sources are identified accordingly in each entry
    Based on numerous Persian manuscripts and primary references
    All major types of the Persian language are taken into consideration: Old Persian, Avestan, Middle Persian and New Persian
    Exceptional catalog with over 350 color illustrations of 60 artifacts in the Cultural Institute ofBonyādand selected private collections
    Over 5,700 entries

    With over 5,700 entries, the book Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology provides a sound and solid base of terminology of arms and armor in Persian so that military historians, historians, museum curators, researchers and collectors and also people interested in reading historical accounts and epic stories would be able to understand and use the appropriate terms related to each certain type of weapons. Persian culture and civilization is a fascinating old culture. Therefore, all major types of the Persian language are taken into consideration, namely, the Avestan, the Old Persian, the Middle Persian (Pahlavi), and the New Persian. Next to each entry which is written in its phonetic alphabet, the original script is provided as well. Therefore, there are four different phonetic alphabets provided for each type of script. Next to each entry, after the phonetic alphabet and original script, the type of Persian language is identified as (Avestā), (Old Persian), (Middle Persian/Pahlavi) or (New Persian). Additionally, Kārnāme-ye Ardešir Bābakān [The War Treatise of Ardešir Bābakān] is identified as a source for some entries in the Middle Persian as (Kārnāme-ye Ardešir Bābakān, Middle Persian/Pahlavi). Sources in New Persian are identified individually as well after the phonetic alphabet and the original script, such as (Šāhnāme). Over ninety primary sources in New Persian were consulted to search for arms-and-armor-related words among them the Šāhnāme, Eskandarnāme and different types of Zafarnāme. Further, due to their importance for this research, three manuscripts in Arabic were consulted that were written by Persian scholars. These include Alboldān by Abubakr Ahmad ben Mohammad ben Eshāq Hamedāni, Ahsan al-Taqāsim fi Ma’refat-e al-Qālim by Šamsoldin Abu Abdollāh Mohammad ben Ahmad ben Ababakr Šāmi Moqadasi, and Al-Jamāhir fi Marefat al-Jawāher by Abu Reihān Beyruni. A phonetic alphabet is provided separately for the Avestan, the Old Persian, the Middle Persian, and the New Persian. A combined table of different phonetic alphabets in alphabetical order is also provided so that a search for a certain word can be done easily. Some suras from the holy Qur’an are also taken into consideration as these suras written in Arabic are used as gold-inlaid or gold-overlaid inscriptions on a number of Persian arms and armor.

    Categories of words and expressions
    The lexicon provides the following categories of words and expressions:
    a) all types of offensive weapons, such as swords, maces,
    b) all types of defensive weapons, such as shields, armor,
    c) techniques employed by each weapon, such as striking the top of the head with a sword,
    d) forging techniques, materials used in making crucible steel cakes and forging, and terms related to watered steel,
    e) different types of horses because horses were used by the cavalry in the battle,
    f) all horse-related equipment, such as harness,
    g) siege weapons, such as catapult,
    h) other types of animals used on the battlefield, such as elephants and camels,
    i) terms related to the warrior codex of javānmardi,
    j) terms related to the traditional Persian martial art of varzeš pahlavāni and its related tools,
    k) wrestling techniques,
    l) metals and stones used as decorative elements in arms and armor such as gold and precious stones,
    m) terms related to fighting and warfare, such as attack, and
    n) historical firearms, such as matchlocks and flintlock guns.

    All major types of the Persian language are taken into consideration
    The present lexicon uses the holy book of the Avestā for the Avestan terms as it provides a good source for the terminology related to the arms and armor in this old language. The holy book of the Avestā presents a marvelous description of an array of weapons used by different deities in the battlefield.

    For arms-and-armor-related terms in Old Persian sources, the following inscriptions in cuneiform are used:
    a) the inscriptions of Dāryuš Bozorg in Bistun,
    b) the inscription of Dāryuš Bozorg in Šuš (Susa),
    c) the inscription of Dāryuš Bozorg in Naqš-e Rostam,
    d) the inscription of Dāryuš Bozorg in Suez,
    e) the inscription of Dāryuš Bozorg in Taxt-e Jamšid,
    f) the inscription of Xašāyāršāh in Taxt-e Jamšid,
    g) the inscription of Ardešir II in Šuš, and
    h) the golden tablet of Aršām, Hamedān. For terms in the Middle Persian, the treatise Kārnāme-ye Ardešir Bābakān [The War Treatise of Ardešir Bābakān] (2007/1386) was used as a source.

    Base of numerous Persian manuscripts
    For the terms related to arms and armor and warfare in New Persian many manuscripts were consulted. These manuscripts are chosen from the following groups:
    a) epic stories in verse and prose, such as Šāhnāme by Ferdowsi (1995/1384),
    b) period history books, such as Tārix-e Ālām Ārāye Abbāsi by Eskandar Beyyg Torkamān (2003/1382),
    c) popular stories such as Samak Ayyār by Al-Kāteb al-Rajāni (2004/1383),
    d) manuscripts written on metals and precious stones that often have a chapter on iron, steel, and swordmaking, such as Gŏharnāme by Mansur (1975/1354),
    e) famous anthologies such as Masnavi Ma’navi by Molavi (2007/1385),
    f) journey accounts, such as Safarnāme-ye Nāser Xosrŏ by Nāser Xosrŏ (1985:1363),
    g) period geography books, such as Gogrāfiyā-ye Esfahān by Tahvildār Esfahāni (1964/1342),
    h) treatises of war and warfare, such as Ādāb al-Harb va al-Šojā-e by Mobārak Šāh Faxr-e Modabbar (1967/1346),
    i) books about spiritual journeys, such as Ardāvirāfnāme by Bahrām Paždō (1965/1343),
    j) books dealing with life and heroic lives of religious figures, such as Xāvarānnāme by Xusofi Birjandi (2002/1381),
    k) books about the principles of warriors and javānmardān, such as Fotovvatnāme-ye Soltāni by Kāšefi Sabzevāri (1971/1350),
    l) treatises on bows and archery, such as Jāme al-Hadāyat fi Elm al-Romāyat by Dorudbāši Beyhaqi (1975/1354),
    m) treatises on the sword, swordmaking, and sword classification, such as Ta’id Besārat by Mirzā Lotfallāh (1706-1707:1118 or 1108:1696-1697), and
    n) treatises on army rules and regulations, such as Qavāede Koliye az Barāye Mašq va Harkat-e Piyādenezām Dolat-e Aliyeye Irān (1852/1268 hegira).

    Some of the manuscripts used in the lexicon have not been published before, such as Ta’id Besārat by Mirzā Lotfallāh (1706-1707:1118 or 1108:1696-1697), which is an extremely important source of sword classification written in India during the Safavid period. Another one that provides a lot of useful information on bows and archery is Jāme al-Hadāyat fi Elm al-Romāyat by Dorudbāši Beihaqi (1975/1354). Many miniatures and pictures of artifacts accompany the text so that the readers could clearly see the types of weapons and fighting techniques used.

    Each entry is described not only in linguistic terms but also a full historical information and background are provided as well. Hence most entries provide very detailed information on the subject.

    Exceptional catalog
    The book also offers a catalog of Persian arms and armor at the end offering a marvelous selection of sixty exquisite pieces of Iranian arms and armor from the Cultural Institute of Bonyād in Tehran and some pieces from private collections, among them the Ghiringhelli Collection in Italy. The catalog includes sixty items that include two bronze daggers from Luristan, one golden dagger from Kalardašt in northern Iran, a two-handed iron sword from Sassanian period, the golden and silver fittings of a P-shaped Sassanian sword, two P-shaped Sassanian swords with silver handle and scabbards, fifteen curved šamšir swords (nine from the Safavid period, three from the Zand period, and three from the Qājār period), one straight sword from the Qājār period, a Persian yatağan sword from the Qājār period, a zolfaqār sword from the Qājār period, a Persian military sword from the Qājār period, six kārd knives (one from the Safavid period, three from the Zand period and two from the Qājār period), four pišqabz daggers (one from the Safavid period and three from the Zand period), six xanjar daggers (one from the Zand period and five from the Qājār period), four axes (two from the Safavid period, one from the Afšārid period and one from the Qājār period), two maces (one from the Safavid period and one from the Qājār period), one spear head from the Zand period, two helmets from the Qājār period, four shields from the Qājār period, one mail armor from the Qājār period, one bow from the Qājār period, one matchlock musket from the Safavid period, one flintlock musket from the Afšārid period and one percussion cap musket from the Zand and the Qājār periods. The reference list is based on 303 references that consist of 113 primary sources, 109 secondary Iranian sources and 81 international sources."

    http://www.arms-and-armor-from-iran.de/b01_lexicon.html

  2. #2
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    I forgot to attach the cover pic
    Attached Images Attached Images  

  3. #3
    Congratulations on publishing of your latest book. I'm looking forward to reading it.
    "The relationship between West(Occident) and East(Orient) is indeed an example of a relationship of power and domination. Orientalism is thus a style of thought based upon an ontological and epistemological distinction made between the Orient and the Occident. It is a Western style of dominating, restructuring and building hegemony over the Orient.İt is an accepted grid for filtering through the Orient into Western consciousness, into the general culture."
    From "Orientalism" by Edward Said

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    At last, the wait is over!
    Looking forward to reading the book.
    Regards
    Kurt
    Kurt

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    Sancar and Kurt

    Many thanks for your kind words.

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

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    As many people asked me I would like to announce that from today the lexicon can be directyl ordered from Legat Verlag.

    http://www.legat-verlag.de/shop/inde...emart&Itemid=2

    Kind regards
    Maanouchehr

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    Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran

    Hi Manoucher ,
    I have just received your book!
    Congratulations A masterpiece!
    First I looked at the pictures absolutely perfect and beautiful.
    The text part is very academically will take me many hours to study.
    Again, thank you for the great reference work.
    Regards
    Kurt
    Kurt

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    Thumbs up New book

    Hi Manouchehr,

    Congrats for your new book, which was a very hard work.Absolutely stunning !
    A must for every collector of Iranian arms.

    I appreciate it very much. Good luck !

    best

    Dr.von Hoffmeister
    vH

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    yes, big congratulations on that !

    Manouchehr, i believe that Dr.von Hoffmeister has put it in excellent words !

    fantastic


    Greg

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    Thanks Kurt, Alex and Greg. I really appreciate your kind words.

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

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    Dear friends,

    As I already mentioned, I have archived the other thread on arms and armor from Iran. I will post articles and reviews regarding to the lexicon on this thread. I will like to thank all of you for your continuous support through all these years.

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani

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    A review of the lexicon by Dr. von Hoffmeister on the online magazine:

    http://iran-now.net/$212195


    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

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    I would like to update on our work on a new exhibition on historical arms and armor from Iran. This exhibition will take place soon. And I will inform you accoridngly

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

  14. #14
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    My new article was just published:

    Articles in print journals and magazines (2011)
    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011a). Ātaš-e Tupxāne-ye Irāni [The Firepower of Iranian Artillery]. Translated by Ms. Ashraf Haji. Majale-ye Jangafzar, Sal-e Šešom [Sixth Year], Ābān Māh 1389 [November 2011], No. 71, pp. 22-25.

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    Dear friends,

    The print review of Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran in the print journal from Italy by Ms. Vanna Scolari:

    Review of the Book Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of symbols and Terminology by Ms. Vanna Scolari in Quaderni Asiatici: Rivista di Cultura e Studi sull'Asia, n. 92-dicembre 2010, 149-150.

    http://dr.mmkhorasani.com/2011/01/re...-arms-and.html

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    Dear friends,

    my new article on wrestling on battlefield in Iran was published in the peer review journal RAMA of the Uniersity of Leon:

    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010m). La Lucha: una Parte Integral de las Artes Marciales de Combate en Irán. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, Volumen 5, Número 2, pp. 64–76.

  17. #17
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    Exhibition Catalogs
    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011b). The Power of Iranian Steel: From Iron to the Crucible Steel. Tehran: Cultural Institute of Museums Mostazafan Foundation (Weapon Storage) (20 pages).
    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011a). Montaxab-e Asar-e Reza Farajian (Work's Collection of Reza Farajian). Zanjan: Shinak (16 pages).


    Finally I came back from Iran. Our exhibition was a major success with many participants. I will post pictures and reports on them. Two exhibition catalogues I wrote were distributed there. One on the exhibition itself and one on the works of Mohammad reza Farajian. Many Iranian and international channels were present there.

    Kind regards
    Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani

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    Dear friends,

    My new article on restoring a Persian crucible steel is published in CAAM:

    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011c). Restoring the Lion's Claw. Classic Arms and Militaria, Volume XVIII, Issue 2, April/May 2011, pp. 40-43.

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

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    Dear friends,

    I have been extremely busy with my new book project. We have been very active to promote the project of Persian swordsmanship. Our historical fighting techniques arts gathered in the martial art of "Ramzamfzar" which, based on Persian manuscripts, include the training of the following historical weapons: kamān (bow), šamšir (sword), gorz (mace), tabar (axe), neyze (spear), kārd (knife), xanjar (dagger), pišqabz (dagger with a S-shaped blade), qaddāre (one edged short sword), and qame (double edged short sword). Next to weapon training, the techniques of Persian wrestling as described by different mansucripts are trained extensively. These include a number of moves for throwing and even groundfighting. Iran has been a multi-ethnic country starting from the Achaemenian empire and many influences and fighting arts of different tribes of Iran have been taken into consideration for setting up this project. The techniques are not only trained on foot as described by Persian manuscripts but also on horseback. A number of experienced martial artists and historical fencers have already started to train this noble art. For more information see:

    http://dr.mmkhorasani.com/search/label/Mai%202011

    http://mmkhorasani.com/10.html

    One third of these techniques are presented and discussed in my recently publiched book "Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology"

    My next book puts all these techniques into practice. I have analyzed hundreds of Persian miniatures and manuscripts for this project.

    Kind regards
    Manouchehr

  20. #20
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    Dear friends,

    the review of my recent book "Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and terminolgy" by Mr. Bill Harriman was published in the February/March issue of Classic Arms and militaria. For more info see:

    http://dr.mmkhorasani.com/2011/05/re...from-iran.html

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    My new article is published in Schwert & Klinge

    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011d). Faszinierende Vielfalt, Schwert & Klinge, Sonderausgabe Nr. 13, pp. 83-85.

  22. #22
    Hi Manouchehr,

    With all the self promotion, for those who do not have access to these magazine titles, of which I am sure there are many, how about a posting of the articles in the public forum I know there are many interested readers.

    Gavin

  23. #23
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    These are copyright material and you can obtain them by contacting the journal directly. A print article cannot be posted on the internet. As a matter of fact many members follow thes epostings as an information board and order the journals if they wish

    Regards
    Manouchehr
    Last edited by Manouchehr M.; 07-07-2011 at 07:07 AM.

  24. #24
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    My new article was published in the Italian peer review magazine Quaderni Asiatici

    -Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2011e). A History of the Development of Spears and Lances in Iran, Quaderni Asiatici 94, n. 91 - giugno, pp. 65-89.

  25. #25
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    Congrats, Manouchehr!
    mark@swordforum.com

    ~ Hostem Hastarum Cuspidibus Salutemus ~

    "Those who beat their swords into plowshares usually end up plowing for those who don't."
    Benjamin Franklin

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